Corinth was a large, international metropolis, filled with people from different backgrounds. Idol worship to gods such as Aphrodite was particularly prominent in the city, though Corinth contained numerous temptations far beyond her temples. In this sense, Corinth was very much like a modern urban area, containing unending opportunities to engage in sinful behavior without any apparent consequences.
Such a community clearly had a negative influence on the Corinthian church. Instead, he directed us to live out our commitment to Christ ever more faithfully in the midst of nonbelievers. Paul expected that we Christians would shine our light into the dark places of their world by worshiping in a unified community that was accountable to one another. He expected that we would settle our problems internally, that we would encourage one another in the pursuit of purity, and that we would strive together by holding tightly to the hope of our bodily resurrection to come.
View Chuck Swindoll's chart of First Corinthians , which divides the book into major sections and highlights themes and key verses. First Corinthians. Who wrote the book? Springs, Nav Press, , p. In Jewish law and custom it was unthinkable that women should claim any kind of equality with men. It was expected to be worn outside the home by Roman women. Its absence would be seen as 1. Titus or 2 the false teaching itself cf. There is a different term used in 1 Cor.
Springs: Nav Press, , p. So the evil spirits are seen to be capable of denying both the true humanity compare 1 John and the full divinity of Jesus Christ… There is here, then, a clear warning that spiritual gifts can be imitated, and that they are no necessary proof of spirituality, and that even some of the supposed charismata may in fact not be genuine. If a Jew was ill he was much more likely to go to the Rabbi than to the doctor; and he would most likely be healed.
Aesculapius was the Greek God of healing. People went to his temples, usually spending whole nights there, to be healed, and often they were. To this day we find among the ruins of these temples votive tablets and inscriptions commemorating healings; and no one goes to the trouble and expense of erecting an inscription for nothing. But the connection seems rather to require us to understand it of the baptism of the Holy Spirit Matthew Digital Publications, , comment on Ephesians Eph.
Also, some months ago my wife and I were privileged to meet and talk with Mrs. Choudry during her visit to the US. A true interpretation of the gift of tongues will be addressed to God, not men. It will be a prayer, praise, or some other communication to God. The Jews had an even lower idea of women.
Amongst the Rabbinic sayings there are many which belittle their place. How can those who have died rise with their identical bodies? He demands. For what soul of a man would any longer wish for a body that had rotted? Some have gone to the great and painstaking task of checking the stages of the moon in the early centuries remember, Israel runs on a lunar calendar.
1 & 2 Corinthians: Basic Bible Commentary, Volume 23
Many scholars feel that Jesus was probably crucified in the year AD In that year the fourteenth of the Hebrew month of Nisan fell on Thursday. The Day of Preparation mentioned would then have been for the Passover Sabbath and not for the normal Sabbath. In effect, there would have been two Sabbaths in close proximity to each other. The religion of the Old Testament was a costly religion. Old Testament religion started at this point. After the tithe there was the Sabbatical Year. This does not consider that on the Sabbatical, all Hebrew slaves were freed and all debts to fellow Hebrews were canceled Deut.
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For those who kept the Sabbath, that lost day of production could amount to another Then there was the year of Jubilee every 50 years. At that time all property reverted back to its original family ownership and all Hebrew servants were set free.
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In verses Paul compares the gospel minister to a piece of Palestinian pottery. We have this treasure in jars of clay v. This treasure is the glorious good news about Christ vv. Jars of clay is actually "earthenware vessels" ostrakinois skeuesin. The noun skeuos refers to a vessel serving a specific purpose such as a jug, cup, pan or pot. When used of people it often carries the sense of "implement" or "instrument" Maurer So to be God's "vessel" is to be his instrument in carrying out a specific service--in this case, the gospel ministry.
The marvel of Paul's statement is not to be overlooked. The gospel minister is a vessel made of common, run-of-the-mill clay--fragile and easily broken. And yet God has entrusted the treasure of the gospel to such a vessel, just as Palestinians stored their valuables in common clay pots. Why does God do this?
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According to Paul, he does it to show that this all-surpassing power is from God and not from us. God uses what is fragile and yet serviceable so that there might be no mistaking the origin of the gospel minister's power. The adjective all-surpassing hyperbolh stresses the extraordinary quality or extent of something Bauer, Arndt and Gingrich The "something" here is power.
The Greek dynamis is the term from which we derive our English word "dynamite. On May 18, , Mount St.
Helens in the Cascade Range of Washington exploded with a stunning demonstration of nature's power. The explosion ripped thirteen hundred feet off the mountain and leveled foot Douglas firs even seventeen miles away.
We stand in awe of such force and yet forget the equally awesome power that is unleashed in the preaching of the gospel. To develop this comparison of the gospel minister to the common clay pot, Paul employs an accepted literary form of the day called res gestae, or "cataloging of deeds. Paul highlights four exploits that would not by any stretch of the imagination be considered impressive or desirable either in his day or in ours.
All four point up the hardships and trials that confront the gospel preacher. On every side v. First, he is hard pressed on every side, but not crushed. The verb hard pressed means "to press in hard against" someone, or, as we say today, to squeeze the life out of a person, while the term not crushed indicates that the pressure never got to the point where there was no escape or way out.
2 Corinthians Commentaries & Sermons | Precept Austin
Second, he is perplexed but not in despair. There is a play on words here that the NIV misses. To be aporoumenoi is to be at a loss how to act, while to be exaporoumenoi is to be utterly at a loss i. Although Paul may have been at a loss about how to proceed, he never--as we say--went off the deep end.
Third, he is persecuted but not abandoned. The Greek verb means "to pursue" and is commonly used of tracking a prey or enemy. Paul was pursued from city to city by hostile Jews. But through it all, God never abandoned him. The idea here is that God did not leave Paul behind or in the lurch for the enemy to pick up. Finally, he is struck down by the enemy but not destroyed.